NanakShahi Calendar

In Order to determine the important dates of Sikh events,A retired computer engineer Sikh Canadian, Pal Singh Purewal developed Nanakshahi calendar for the integrity of the Sikh religion. The traditional Bikrami calendar was replaced by Nanakshahi calendar in 1998 by Shrimoni Gurudwara Prabhandak Committee (SGPC) during the presidency of Sikh scholar Prof. Kirpal Singh Badungar. The epoch of this calendar is the birth of the first Sikh guru, Nanak Dev 1469.According to Nanakshahi calendar new year falls annually on March 14 in the Gregorian western calendar.

Nanakshahi calendar is a solar calendar which means it is based on the time it takes for earth to rotate around sun. It is named Nanakshahi calendar as Guru nanak’s birth is considers as year one and is named after guru Nanak (founder of Sikhism).

Nanakshahi calendar is precisely tuned with sun’s position which means seasons do not change from year to year. Year length ( 365 days 5 hour 48 minutes) is same as in western calendar. Nanakshahi calendar contains 5 months of 31 day followed by 6 months of 30 days and Phagun which is considered to be the last month of year contains one extra day for leap year. Nanakshahi calendar is based on Gurbani and names of month’s were taken from guru Granth sahib.

Months in Nanakshahi Calendar

Sr. No Month’s name in English Month’s name in Punjabi No. Of Days Gregorian Months
1 Chet ਚੇਤ 31 14 March – 13 April
2 Vaisakh ਵੈਸਾਖ 31 14 April – 14 May
3 Jeth ਜੇਠ 31 15 May – 14 June
4 Harh ਹਾੜ 31 15 June – 15 July
5 Sawan ਸਾਵਣ 31 16 July – 15 August
6 Bhadon ਭਾਦੋਂ 30 16 August – 14 September
7 Assu ਅੱਸੂ 30 15 September – 14 October
8 Katak ਕੱਤਕ 30 15 October – 13 November
9 Maghar ਮੱਘਰ 30 14 November – 13 December
10 Poh ਪੋਹ 30 14 December – 12 January
11 Magh ਮਾਘ 30 13 January – 11 February
12 Phagun ਫੱਗਣ 30 / 31 14 March – 13 April

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